November 10 news, we are in an all-round digital era. How to deal with the anxiety brought by technology and change and live safely in the new digital world? Many celebrities from the fields of culture, art and science and technology gathered at the fourth Tengyun summit to discuss the theme in a cross-border way.
Cheng Wu, vice president of Tencent group and chief executive officer of Tencent film industry, first shared his understanding of science and technology for goodness. He believed that goodness is based on human nature, is "to beauty" and "to light". He believes that the good background of human nature will lead us to find the residence of our hearts.
Cheng Wu mentioned that he fell in love with drama when he was studying in Tsinghua physics department, and shared his journey of seeking between science and art, rationality and sensibility. The beauty of art and the beauty of science form a force for beauty, which shapes human history and future. '
Cheng Wu said that science and technology, art and culture are all indispensable forces to promote human history to today. This is also Tencent's original intention to put forward a new cultural and creative strategy and continue to promote cooperation with cultural institutions such as the Forbidden City and Dunhuang. In the future, it will continue to promote the deeper integration of science and technology and culture, so that human beings can live safely in the digital world.
How can science and technology improve?
Zhang Zhengyou, director of Tencent's AI Lab, Tencent robotics x lab, and Wang Xudong, President of the Palace Museum, Zhou Guoping, philosopher, and Hao Jingfang, science fiction writer, discussed the relationship between science and technology and culture, as well as how science and technology can improve.
Hao Jingfang once studied in the Department of physics of Tsinghua University, and later read a doctor's degree in economics. He has been writing novels in his spare time. At present, he is doing a lot of cross-border related work. She agrees with Cheng Wu, vice president of Tencent group and chief executive officer of Tencent film industry, about the sharing of science and technology to the good. She believes that science and technology, art and culture are all indispensable forces to promote human history to today. Science, humanities and art should be human nature in the final analysis. People naturally desire the unity of truth, goodness and beauty in their hearts. In real life, technology, humanities and art should not be considered The technique is so open. 'today's technology is the culture of the future. Human beings should strive to narrow the cognitive gap between different groups of people, so that the good life brought about by technology can be shared by all people. '
When talking about the understanding of "good", Zhou Guoping thought that "good" is a particularly important concept in philosophy. From Socrates, Plato to Aristotle, the core of their philosophical discussion is "good". "Good is a good life". Zhou Guoping believes that from the perspective of science and technology, how science and technology can bring people a good life is the meaning of being good.
In his view, the improvement of science and technology should be understood from four aspects. The first is the functional level: Science and technology bring progress, convenience and efficiency to all fields of human life, and can also protect human culture.
The second is the social level: fairness and justice, science and technology, knowledge sharing and intellectual property rights. "How to make scientific and technological achievements more equal to all sectors of the society? The concept of science and technology inclusive is such a concept, including knowledge sharing on the Internet, how to give consideration to both knowledge sharing and intellectual property protection, and other issues related to fairness and justice.
The third is the ethical level: in terms of reproductive intervention, genetic engineering, human cloning and other levels, respect for human values and human ethical values, where is the ethical bottom line of science and technology? At present, the forefront of science development is life science and computer science, many of which involve challenges and threats to human ethics and family ethics. He proposed to explore the boundary of science and technology from an ethical perspective.
The fourth is the spiritual level: that is, respect for spiritual values. Can science and technology make people's spiritual life better developed. Should the development of artificial intelligence and other technologies follow some natural basic rules? While science and technology promote material progress, to improve the quality of human spiritual life, we need cooperation between science and technology and humanity to solve this problem.
When it comes to 'science and technology for the good', President Wang Xudong believes that when people's good is greater than evil, science and technology will be for the good. Therefore, the improvement of science and technology is mainly the improvement of human beings.
For Zhou Guoping's concern, as a scientist, Zhang Zhengyou, who has been engaged in scientific research for nearly 35 years, adheres to the concept of "science and technology have a way, choose the good and do the good". From a historical perspective, he said that human beings have experienced many technological revolutions, but each technological revolution has greatly promoted the progress of human society, and human beings are about to enter the society of information intelligence. Zhang believes that human beings have enough wisdom to solve the negative effects brought by new technologies. In a short period of time, artificial intelligence will not develop to the ability to destroy human beings. Even with such ability in the future, human beings will have intelligent control. The society and the government need to have policies and ethical norms, so that technology can serve human beings to the greatest extent and prevent bad people from using and doing evil. Enterprises should also choose from the perspective of social value and human value, and take responsibility.
For example, Zhang Zhengyou said that Tencent has done a lot of work in improving science and technology, such as AI + agriculture, using artificial intelligence technology to grow cucumbers, which can rival the agricultural experts who have 20 years of experience; in addition, it also uses wildlife protection, face recognition technology to abduct and find people. In the final analysis, science and technology should go deep into all walks of life to serve mankind, not to control mankind.
Zhang Zhengyou and Wang Xudong also discussed how science and technology can better protect and create culture.
President Wang Xudong believes that we need to resonate with the times. The cultural relics in the museum are the wisdom crystallization of human beings for thousands of years or even thousands of years. In the past, due to the problems of scientific and technological progress and concept, they did not let the rich cultural treasure house benefit the people. In the digital era, we need to establish the concept of sharing, and use digital technology to spread the protection results and research results, so that more people can understand it. In order to digitize cultural relics as soon as possible and establish a shared database platform and communication platform, only people in the field of culture and museum can't do it, which requires cooperation. Therefore, the cooperation between the Palace Museum and Tencent and other companies and institutions is to be able to be transformed so that more people can understand and benefit.
According to President Wang Xudong, the sharing of research results in the field of cultural relics protection in the digital era should be more of a public welfare nature. Some initial investment needs to be received, but it is hoped that it will be free at a certain time.
Technology brings more possibilities for art creation
In addition to promoting the protection and innovation of culture, technology also brings more possibilities for art creation. Dr. Liu Shan, an outstanding scientist of Tencent and general manager of Tencent multimedia laboratory, is committed to shaping the panoramic and interactive media form of human future life with technology.
According to Liu Shan, technology and science have many commonalities, one of which is to create with heart, and the other is to pursue the ultimate. From ancient times to now, art and science have never been separated, and have always been deeply integrated. Science is the art of reason, art is the science of sensibility, they are all the search for truth.
The explosive development of science and technology provides more ways of expression for art. But when artists are doing art, don't be afraid to be impacted by powerful technology. From the perspective of science and technology workers, we hope that artists have the core of art, and science and technology will actively serve art. At present, the whole society is in a state of anxiety, and the scientific, technological and literary circles need to respond positively.
For the boundary of virtual reality, Liu thinks that from the perspective of pure technology, the boundary may become more and more blurred, or even disappear. From a philosophical point of view, whether this boundary will disappear depends on whether we want it to disappear or whether we accept it to disappear.
The world is becoming more and more complex and multi-dimensional. Liu Shan believes that we should find a balance. Liu Shan uses VR guided products as an example. People can visit various cultural relics and museums at home without leaving home, but there are two sides to everything, which may cause people to be lazy to go out of their homes. Therefore, the more science and technology develops, the more we should find a balance. "Whether it's science or art, we still need to grasp its soul. '
For science and technology and art, Xu Bing, a professor of the Central Academy of fine arts, said that he had seen some science and technology art exhibitions, which often only had science and technology but no art, and lacked the ideological fluctuation of art. Many interesting works are not art attracting the audience, but technology attracting the audience.
So he thinks that if there is only science and technology in the works of art, the artists can not provide very strong artistic concepts, and the science and technology art will become the old art immediately, because there will always be new technology.
As an artist, Xu Bing believes that the future world brought by digital technology will be a double-edged sword: 'human beings always want to create robots to replace themselves, but human beings must first make themselves into a' monster 'integrating AI human and natural human before creating robots. It is possible to see the goal of life-span growth. Once this day comes, almost all the civilization issues, knowledge and values we are discussing now need to be overturned. '
'each of us is cooperating with his mobile phone, playing the double spring and releasing it to the world at any time. Is it the real you or the other you who released it to the world? Or part of you or fake you, we are more and more unable to judge. "Xu Bing said that as an artist, he doesn't pay attention to the technology itself, but he focuses on the changes brought by science and technology to people's life style and human thinking mode, and extracts a kind of creative energy from it, which supports more creative thinking, creative inspiration and dynamic force, which is his work facing the world.
Fei Jun, a professor at the school of design of the Central Academy of fine arts, believes that at present, some arts are over consuming high-tech, making use of the dividend of technology itself to become the core of their works. In his opinion, the best way to live safely in the digital world is to learn to live with anxiety, 'we need to learn to use this anxiety, even control our own anxiety and accept it. Artists have to accept or learn three kinds of changes: the first is the change of workplace area. Virtual space and the disappearing boundary of real space are fused together to build a new kind of space I call hybrid space. The second is the change of working style. We need to deal with it in a way that has real laboratory ability. The third change is the change of artists' mission. The output of artists to ethics has become a very important value output in today's era. '
The combination of science and technology and humanity is the only way for science and technology to be good. Wang poqiao, curator and founder of Digital China, further looked forward to the possibility of world art in the future: he said that "the boundary between art and technology disappears, and the soul will roam freely in the spiritual universe. In the future, human beings may be connected with all things in the world in physiology and psychology through science and technology, and the mixed space of art and technology may be the place where everyone's spirit lives.